Randwick City Celebrates 200th Anniversary Of Greek Independence Day
The celebration of Greek Independence Day on March 25th attracts inspiration from one of the holiest days for Greek Orthodox Christians, the Annunciation of the Theotokos. This is the day that the Archangel Gabriel introduced to Mary that she would bear a child. Bishop Germanos of Patras seized the opportunity by raising the banner of revolution, in an act of defiance towards the Turks and marked the beginning of the War of Independence. These freedom fighters, or klephts as they had been referred to as, of Greece sacrificed much for their nation. Kolokotronis, Nikitara, Karaiskakis, Bouboulina, and Mpotsaris are a number of the heroes of the revolution. The biggest parade takes place in Athens, the place marching bands, navy autos, and squadrons from the Hellenic Armed Forces draw 1000’s of spectators, together with the president.
Following news that the combined Ottoman–Egyptian fleet was going to attack the island of Hydra, the allied European fleets intercepted the Ottoman navy at Navarino. After a tense week-long standoff, the Battle of Navarino led to the destruction of the Ottoman–Egyptian fleet and turned the tide in favor of the revolutionaries. The Ottoman garrisons in the Peloponnese surrendered, and the Greek revolutionaries proceeded to retake central Greece. Russia invaded the Ottoman Empire and forced it to accept Greek autonomy in the Treaty of Adrianople .
Greece Marks 200 Years Of Independence With Hopes Of Rebirth
Deeply influenced by the French Revolution, Rigas was the first to conceive and manage a comprehensive nationwide motion aiming on the liberation of all Balkan nations—together with the Turks of the region—and the creation of a “Balkan Republic”. Arrested by Austrian officers in Trieste in 1797, he was handed over to Ottoman officers and transported to Belgrade along together with his co-conspirators. All of them had been strangled to demise in June 1798 and their our bodies have been dumped in the Danube. The death of Rigas fanned the flames of Greek nationalism; his nationalist poem, the “Thourios” (war-track), was translated into a number of Western European and later Balkan languages and served as a rallying cry for Greeks in opposition to Ottoman rule.
Cretan participation within the revolution was intensive, nevertheless it failed to realize liberation from Turkish rule due to Egyptian intervention. Crete had a long history of resisting Turkish rule, exemplified by the folk hero Daskalogiannis, who was killed whereas fighting the Turks. In 1821, an rebellion by Christians was met with a fierce response from the Ottoman authorities and the execution of a number of bishops, thought to be ringleaders. The preliminary Greek successes have been quickly put in peril after two subsequent defeats at the battles of Alamana and Eleftherohori in opposition to the army of Omer Vrioni. Another vital loss for the Greeks was the dying of Diakos, a promising army leader, who was captured in Alamana and executed by the Turks when he refused to declare allegiance to the Sultan.
When Is Greek Independence Day?
All true and trustworthy Hellenes dwelling in their occupied homeland reacted to the Turkish oppression and resisted the makes an attempt to deprive the Greeks of their heritage, their freedom and their religion. During the darkish years of the Ottoman occupation, thousands had been killed and tortured for attending church or instructing their youngsters culture, history and language. It was the Greek Orthodox Church that helped to retain their very id by the institution of Crypha Scholia . In addition to the Secret Society of Friends and the Sacred Band outstanding world figures including Lord Byron of England, Daniel Webster and Dr. Samuel Gridly Howe of the United States raised the curiosity degree among Europeans and Americans.
The insurrection in Chalkidiki was, from then on, confined to the peninsulas of Mount Athos and Kassandra. On 30 October 1821, an offensive led by the new Pasha of Thessaloniki, Muhammad Emin Abulubud, resulted in a decisive Ottoman victory at Kassandra. The survivors, amongst them Pappas, have been rescued by the Psarian fleet, which took them mainly to Skiathos, Skopelos and Skyros. Despite the Turkish response the revolt continued, and thus Sultan Mahmud II (r. 1808–1839) was compelled to seek the help of Muhammad Ali of Egypt, attempting to lure him with the pashalik of Crete. On 28 May 1822, an Egyptian fleet of 30 warships and eighty four transports arrived at Souda Bay led by Hasan Pasha, Muhammad Ali’s son-in-regulation; he was tasked with ending the revolt and didn’t waste any time within the burning of villages throughout Crete.
Ibrahim agreed to write down to the Sultan to see if he would change his orders, but he additionally complained concerning the Greeks having the ability to proceed their attacks. Codrington promised that he would stop the Greeks and Philhellenes from attacking the Turks and Egyptians. After doing this, he disbanded most of his fleet, which returned to Malta, whereas the French went to the Aegean. This affect was reinforced by the issuing of two loans that the Greeks managed to conclude with British fund-holders in 1824 and 1825. These loans, which, in impact, made the City of London the financier of the revolution, inspired the creation of the “British” political celebration in Greece, whose opinion was that the revolution could solely finish in success with the assistance of Britain. In March 1823, Canning declared that “when an entire nation revolts in opposition to its conqueror, the nation can’t be thought-about as piratical but as a nation in a state of warfare”.
Since the era of Peter the Great, Russia envisioned a Christian battle in opposition to the Turks beneath his leadership. By the time of the War of Independence powerful armatoloi might be traced in Rumeli, Thessaly, Epirus and southern Macedonia. To the revolutionary chief and writer Yannis Makriyannis, klephts and armatoloi—being the one available major navy drive on the side of the Greeks—performed such an important position within the Greek revolution that he referred to them because the “yeast of liberty”.